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FACT FILE OF MYSORE
District
Mysore
State
Karnataka
Area
6854Sq.Kms
Altitude
610 metres from the mean sea level
Geographical Location
Latitude: 11°30' N to 12°50' N , Longitude:75°45' E to 77°45' E
Population
2994744
Population Density
436.9337613 Persons/sq.Km.
Total Literacy Rate
72.55983119 %
Sex Ratio
981.6914438 female per 1000 male.
Average Rainfall
782 mm (Annual)
Temperature
Summer Temp: 35°C Max 21°C Min, Winter Temp: 27°C Max 16°C Min
Climate
Winters (December to February) has cool atmosphere with minimum temperature touching up to 10°C, and are very pleasant.
Summers (March to May) has hot weather with recorded maximum mercury level of 39°C, and minimum of 22°C. There will be a wide variation in temperature between days and nights in summers. Monsoons( June to September) in Mysore has medium to heavy rainfalls.
Language
Kannada, Hindi, English, Tamil
Religion
Buddhism, Hinduism, Christianity, Jainism, Islam, Zoroastrianism & Sikhism
Important Festivals
Nadahabba, Navratri, Dussehra, Ugadi, Pongal, Varamahalakshmi
Major Tourist Attractions
Mysore Palace, Vrindavan Garden, Chamundi Hills, Jagmohan Palace, Zoological Garden, karanji lake...
Best time to Visit
October to March
About Mysore

Located 140 Kms from the state capital Bangalore-- Mysore is the erstwhile capital of Wodeyars, the rulers of Mysore state. The Wodeyar family ruled Mysore since 14th century except for a short period of 40 years when Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan were the rulers. Mysore has never failed to mesmerise the tourists with its quaint charm, rich heritage, magnificent palaces, beautifully laid-out gardens, imposing buildings, broad shady avenues and sacred temples. The charm leaves no one untouched.

Mysore traces its history into the mythological books where there is reference of Mahishasur (Mahishasura) or the buffalo-headed demon king who is believed to have lived here. Goddess Chamundeshwari of Chamundi hills killed this demon and hence the Dussehra, the festival of the victory of good over evil, is celebrated with unprecedented grandeur. Today Mysore is one of the major cities of Karnataka. Mysore has emerged as a thriving market for exotic sandalwood & incense, the Mysore silk sarees and stone carved. sculptures.

Mysore Airport also known as Mandakalli Airport is an airport serving the city of Mysore, Mysore depends on rail and bus transport for inter-city connections. The city was the location of the first private radio station in India. Mysore houses Mysore University, which has produced several notable authors, particularly in the field of Kannada literature. Cricket is the most popular sport in the city.

 
Getting there
Air: The nearest airport from Mysore is the Bangalore Airport which is connected with major Indian cities like Mumbai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Chennai and Kolkata. One has to take a direct flight to Bangalore. After that, by hiring a taxi or any other means of transport one can easily reach Mysore.

Rail: The fastest and possibly the most comfortable way to travel between Mysore and Chennai is by the Shatabdi Express, which covers the Mysore-Bangalore leg of the journey in 2 hours and the Mysore-Chennai section in 7 hours.There are many trains available from Mysore to Bangalore and vice versa. Tippu Express being the most popular one which covers the distance of 140 km in about 2.5 hours.

Road: Mysore is connected by motorable roads with Bandipur 80 km,Bangalore 140 km,Belur 155 km, Halebid 149 km, Hassan 118 km, Jog Falls 348 km, Madikere (Mercara) 124 km, Mangalore 259 km,
Mudumalai 99 km, Ooty (Ootacamund) 159 Km

Bus: Mysore has two major bus stands. All KSRTC buses arrive and depart from the Central bus stand (aka sub-urb bus stand), while local buses use the City bus stand. Frequent bus service is available to all major tourist and residential areas of the city. Volvo airconditioned buses are available to Chamundi Hills, KRS-Brindavan Garden, Zoo, Infosys, and to some major residential areas.

 
History of Mysore

Mysore is the second biggest city in the State of Karnataka. It lies 130 km's from the State Headquarters, Bangalore. It is the erstwhile capital of the Mysore Maharajas, who ruled Mysore State from this royal city. It is now the headquarters of Mysore District with a population of over seven lakhs. The chief language of the people, as in the State of Karnataka, is Kannada and original Kannada is spoken in this part of the area. It covers an area of more than 40 sq.km. and is administered by the Mysore City Corporation. Situated 763 meters above sea level surrounded by hill ranges from north to south, it is known as the 'Garden City' and the 'City of Palaces'. The famous Chamundi Hill, which is mythologically associated with the name of the city, is to its southeast.

Mysore is associated with the Pouranic story that is found in the Devi Bhagavatha. According to this story in the mythological Devi Purana, Mysore was ruled by the demon-king Mahishasura. He was called Mahishasura, because he was a buffalo-headed monster. Hearing to the prayers of Gods and Goddess to save them from the monster, Goddess Parvathi, wife of Lord Siva, took birth as Chamundi or Chamundeswari and killed the monster. Hence, this place came to be known as Mahishuru, the city of demon Mahisha. After killing the demon, the Goddess resided atop the Chamundi Hills where she is worshipped with reverence and devotion even today. However, the original name of the hill is 'Mahabaladri Hills' and it derived the name Chamundi Hills at a later period, after 17th century.

The earliest mention of Mysore or Mahishur historically is referred to the time of King Ashoka in 245 B.C. On the conclusion of the third Buddhist convocation, Ashoka is said to have despatched a monk to Mahishamandala for the purpose of spreading Buddhism. However, some historians have viewed that this Mahishamandala does not relate to Mysore or Mahishur. Some edicts of Ashoka have been found in the northern parts of the present Karnataka State. Similar reference is also found in the epic work, Mahabharata. According to this legend, King Yudhishtira is said to have sent an expedition and Sahadeva made an attack on Mahishmati. However, experts are of the opinion that the reference made in this epic, one of the oldest legends of an historical character, is not related to Mysore.

 
Culture
Mysore is a city in the state of Karnataka, India. It is known as the cultural capital of Karnataka.[1] Mysore was the capital of the Wodeyar kings who ruled over the Mysore Kingdom for many centuries. Wodeyars were great patrons of art and music and have contributed significantly to make Mysore a cultural centre.[2] Mysore is well known for its palaces, museums and art galleries and the festivities that take place here during the period of Dasara attract a world wide audience. Mysore has also lent its name to popular dishes like Mysore Masala Dosa and Mysore Pak. Mysore is also the origin of the popular silk sari called as Mysore silk sari and has also given rise to a popular form of painting called as Mysore painting.
Cuisines
Mysore Cuisine includes a delicious palate of food items all of which have rice as the main ingredient. The masala dosa of Mysore is a popular dish of the city which is savored by both the local inhabitants as well as those visiting the place from outside. Prepared from smashed potato and spices, the masala dosa is presented with onion and coconut chutney.
 
Festivals
Mysore Dasara is the ‘Naada Habba’ (State festival) of Karnataka State, and Mysore is well known for the festivities that take place during the Dasara period. Dasara festival can be traced back to the Puranas and is widely observed across India, in the south it achieved its special prominence under Vijayanagar Kings in 15th Century. The Wodeyars of Mysore continued this colorful & religious celebration under the leadership of Raja Wodeyar in the year 1610 at Srirangapatanam. Dasara is also known as the 'Navarathri' (meaning nine-nights), where nine days of worship & celebration culminate on the 10th day, known as 'Vijaydashami', that usually falls in the months of September-October.
 
Economy
Tourism is the major industry in Mysore. The city attracted about 3.15 million tourists in 2010.Mysore has traditionally been home to industries such as weaving, sandalwood carving, bronzework and the production of lime and salt. The planned industrial growth of the city and the state was first envisaged at the Mysore economic conference in 1911. This led to the establishment of industries such as the Mysore Sandalwood Oil Factory in 1917 and the Sri Krishnarajendra Mills in 1920.
 
 
 
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