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FACT FILE OF BANGALORE
State
Karnataka
Area
2190Sq.Kms
Altitude
920 m above sea level
Geographical Location
Latitude: 12 degree 8'N , Longitude: 77 degree 37'E
Population
5,686,844
Population Density
22,719/km2
Literacy Rate
85.74%
Sex Ratio
964 Females per 1000 males
Per Capita Income(1998-99)
Rs.28,305
Average Rainfall
859 mm (Annual)
Temperature
35 degree C (max); 14 degree C (min)
Climate
Tropical Savanna Climate March to May (hot) December to January (winter) June to September and November to December (rainy)
Language
Kannada, Hindi, English, Tamil and Telugu
Religion
Buddhism, Hinduism, Christianity, Jainism, Islam, Zoroastrianism & Sikhism
Important Festivals
Diwali, Ugadi, Navratri, Pongal, Varamahalakshmi, Navratri, and Mahashivratri
Major Tourist Attractions
Cubbon Park, Bangalore Palace, Ulsoor Lake, Bull temple, The Fort and Tipu Sultan's Palace, and Visvesvaraya Industrial and Technological Museum
Best time to Visit
October to February
 
About BangaloreLocated on theDeccan Plateau in the south-eastern part of Karnataka, Bangalore is India's third most populous city and fifth-most populous urban agglomeration. Bangalore is well known as a hub for India's information technology sector. It is among the top 10 preferred entrepreneurial locations in the world.

A succession of South Indian dynasties ruled the region of Bangalore until in 1537 AD,Kempé Gowd?-a feudatory ruler under the Vijayanagara Empire-established a mud fort considered to be the foundation of modern Bangalore. Following transitory occupation by the Mar?th?s and Mughals, the city remained under the Mysore kingdom, which is now a part of the Indian state of Karnataka. Bangalore continued to be a cantonment of the British and a major city of the Princely State of Mysore which existed as a nominally sovereign entity of the British Raj. Following the independence of India in 1947, Bangalore became the capital of Mysore state, and remained capital when the new Indian state of Karnataka was formed in 1956.

As a large and growing metropolis, Bangalore is home to many well-recognized colleges and research institutions in India. Numerous public sector heavy industries, software companies, aerospace, telecommunications, and defence organisations are located in the city. Bangalore is known as the Silicon Valley of India because of its position as the nation's leading IT exporter.A demographically diverse city, Bangalore is a major economic and cultural hub and the second fastest growing major metropolis in India.

 
Gettings There
Air: Indian Airlines links Bangalore with Calcutta, Delhi, Madras, Bombay, Pune, Ahmedabad, Coimbatore, Goa, Hyderabad, Calicut and Trivandrum. Damania Airlines, East-West, Continental Aviation also operate flights from Bangalore to Bombay.

Rail: Bangalore is directly connected by rail to all major cities like Ahmedabad, Bombay, Calcutta, Cochin, Delhi, Guwahati, Howrah, Hyderabad, Mangalore, Madras, Mysore, Nagpur, Trivandrum, Vasco-da-Gama (Goa).

Road: Bangalore is connected by good motorable roads with Bandipur- 220 kms, Belur- 322 kms, Madras- 334 kms, Bombay- 998 kms, Cochin- 526 kms, Dandeli 481 kms, Halebid- 214 kms, Jog Falls- 377 kms, Kodaikanal- 430 kms, Mysore 140 kms, Panaji- 595 kms, Sravanabelagola- 160 kms, Tirupati- 250 kms.

Bus: Regular bus services connect Bangalore to Belgaum, Bidar, Bijapur, Bombay, Coimbatore, Goa, Hospet, Hyderabad, Madras, Madikere, Madurai, Mangalore, Mysore, Tirupati, Nandi Hills, Chanrajaragar, Jog Falls, Ootacamund (Ooty) Raichur, Ernakulam, Gulbarga, Pondicherry, Calicut, Dharwar.

 
History of Bangalore
From the 50s, this beautiful city of gardens, also known as the Garden City, with its temperate climate, lovely bungalows, tree-lined broad avenues and laid back ambience was a pensioner's paradise.

Bengaluru derives its name from the Kannada words ‘benda kalluru’, which means the land of boiled beans. According to legend, Veera Ballara, the Hoysala king, once lost his way during a hunting expedition. Wandering around, he met an old lady who gave him boiled beans to eat. In order to show his gratitude, he named the place, Benda Kalluru. Some historians believe that the name was derived from the ‘benga’ or ‘ven kai’ tree.

Bangalore, as we know it today, was formed by Kempe Gowda. Formerly, Bangalore was ruled by a number of rulers and dynasties, including the Vijayanagara Empire and Tipu Sultan. A number of temples and monuments, which were built in the earlier days, are still a part of the city’s landscape. Major towns and subdivisions were formed during various rules. The city was sold to the rulers in Mysore in the earlier days and was later in the hands of the British whose rule continued till Independence.

 
Culture
Bangalore is among the most cosmopolitan cities in India. It is the melting pot of a number of cultures and traditions. It is believed that almost 62 percent of the cities population is immigrants, making it one of the most ethnically diverse cities in India.
The advent of liberalization also has a huge hand in shaping the modern culture of the city. The culture of Bangalore can be clearly reflected in the food habits, nightlife and language of the people. The culture of the city has undergone a sea change over the last few years but still the traditions and moral values remain intact. Dance and music which are an inseparable part of the culture of Karnataka still hold an important place in the city. Bangalore is an important center for Indian classical dance and music. Dance recitals and classical music are held all through the year and specially during Ramanavami or Ganesha Chaturthi. Bangalore has a lively “Kannada Theater” that organizes various theatres and programs. Rock concerts also take place in Bangalore. Thus cultures and festivals in Bangalore are something to be watched for and an experience worth remembering.
 
Cuisines
Bangalore has a wide and varied mix of restaurant types and cuisines, among that Udupi restaurants are very popular and serve predominantly vegetarian, regional cuisine.
 
List of Festivals in Bangalore
Bangalore Karaga
Kadalekaye Parishe
Makara Sankranthi
Gowri Habba
Ganesh Chaturthi
Krishna Janam Ashtami
Dussehra
Deepavali
Mahashivratri
Ugadi
Varamahalakshmi
 
Bangalore Economy

Bangalore is one of the premier economic centre in India with an economic growth of 10.3%. Bangalore’s Net District Income is approximately 11 Billion US dollars (52 thousand crores rupees). This City is India's fourth largest FMCG(fast moving consumer goods) market. It is the third largest hub for high net worth individuals with a per capita income of 1.6K US dollars(74 Thousand rupees).It is the home to over 10,000 dollar millionaires(4.5 crores rupees).

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