Mahabaleshwar is located at an average
elevation of 1,353 metres (4,439 ft).
Located about 120 km (75 mi) southwest
of Pune and 285 km (177 mi) from Mumbai,
Mahabaleshwar is a vast plateau measuring
150 km2 (58 sq mi), bound by valleys on
all sides. It reaches a height of 1,438
m (4,718 ft) at its highest peak above
sea level, known as Wilson/Sunrise Point.
Mahabaleshwar comprises three villages:
Malcolm Peth, Old "Kshetra"
Mahabaleshwar and part of the Shindola
Mahabaleshwar is the source of the Krishna
River that flows across Maharashtra, Karnataka
and Andhra Pradesh. The legendary source
of the river is a spout from the mouth
of a statue of a cow in the ancient temple
of Mahadev in Old Mahabaleshwar. Legend
has it that Krishna is Lord Vishnu himself
as a result of a curse on the trimurtis
by Savitri. Also, its tributaries Venna
and Koyana are said to be Lord Shiva and
Lord Brahma themselves. An interesting
thing to notice is that 4 other rivers
come out from the cow's mouth apart from
Krishna and they all travel some distance
before merging into Krishna. These rivers
are the Koyana, Venna (Veni), Savitri,
Location of Mahabaleshwar
• Mumbai - 290 km
via Pune and 247 km via Panvel-Pen-Mahad-Poladpur
(approx 6 hours) • Pune - 120
km (3 hours) • Sangli - 165 km
(3.5 hours) • Satara - 55 km
(1.5 hours) • Bangalore - 782
km (12 hours)
Nearest Railway Stations
• Satara - 58 km
• Veer (Konkan Railway) - 70 Km
• Pune - 120 km • Miraj
railway junction - 169 km • Sangli
- 165 km
• Pune - 120 km
• Mumbai - 290 km
Places to visit in
Today, Mahabaleshwar is a popular
holiday resort and honeymoon spot, and an
important pilgrimage site for Hindus. It
is the site of Mahabaleshwar Temple. Many
tourists visit nearby Panchgani. After the
construction of a new highway, it is only
a five-hour drive from Mumbai. Mahabaleshwar
is also known for the honey and strawberries
produced here. One can visit strawberry
farms to enjoy the real flavour of the fruit.
It is said that the climate of Mahabaleshwar
is ideal for strawberries and mulberries.
One can also get a taste of "Strawberries
with Cream" (season:Jan -Feb) or "Mulberries
with Cream" (season: April-May).
The Venna lake is one of the major tourist
attractions of Mahabaleshwar. The lake is
surrounded by trees on all sides. A late
winter evening boat ride through the slight
fog is well appreciated. Tourists can enjoy
a boat ride over the lake or a horse ride
next to the lake. A number of small eateries
line the banks of the lake. The Mahabaleshwar
city market and the S.T. bus stand is about
2KM from the lake and makes for a nice walk
during the day. Most tour operators include
the Venna lake in their tours. Most buses,
private vehicles will stop at the Venna
lake on their way to Mahabaleshwar on request.
With another popular and scenic hill resort
Panchgani in close vicinity (about 20KM),
most tourists often visit both places together.
The 'Table-Land' phenomenon of nature at
Panchgani is breath-taking.
The first historical mention
of Mahabaleshwar dates back to year 1215
when the King Singhan of Deogiri visited
Old Mahabaleshwar. He built a small temple
and water tank at the source of the river
Krishna. Around 1350, a Brahmin dynasty
invaded this area. In the middle of the
16th century the Maratha family of Chandarao
More defeated the brahmin dynasty and became
rulers of Jaoli and Mahabaleshwar, during
which period the temple of Old Mahabaleshwar
In the 17th century Shivaji took over Jaoli
and Mahabaleshwar and renovated the Pratapgad
fort in 1656.
In 1819, the British included the hills
in the territory of the Raja of Satara.
Col. Lodwick (Late General Sir Peter Lodwick)
stationed at Satara, in April 1824 with
a contingent of soldiers and Indian guides
climbed up the mountain face reaching what
is now known as the Lodwick Point.
Starting with Sir John Malcolm in 1828,
a succession of them from Elphinston, Arthur
Malet (for whom the seat at "Point
Arthur" is named), Carnac, Frere and
many others became regular visitors.
Present day Mahabaleshwar came into existence
in the year 1829-30. In old records it is
mentioned as Malcolm Peth, but in practise
today it is known as Mahabaleshwar.